Trying to clean out my starred items in Gmail, and I ran across the following videos on the subject of SAMR. Since I’ve committed to doing a presentation that involves SAMR in late August, but know so little about it, I decided to see if I could gather my resources in one place, a content curation process I’ve been involved in for a month or two.
1. Substitution: the computer stands in for another technological tool without a significant change in the tool’s function.
2. Augmentation: the computer replaces another technological tool, with significant functionality increase.
3. Modification: the computer enables the redesign of significant portions of a task.
4. Redefinition: the computer allows for the creation of new tasks that would otherwise be inconceivable without the technology. (Source)
The originator/creator of SAMR is Dr. Ruben R. Puentedura (Twitter: @rubenrp ) (check relevant links below for more info). You can get some insights–quite profound–online in this presentation on Technology in Education: The First 200,000 Years. I found 6 minutes and 20 seconds forward to be engaging about the value of gossip, social networking, and what happens organizations try to control our use of social media/networking tools.
I remember when I first encountered this, I kept trying to understand how it would fit in with iPads. To that end, I gave it a try when compiling an iPad implementation plan with others. However, I never finished the examples because I didn’t really have a solid grasp. One of the points I’m struggling with–admittedly, not having watched all the videos yet…more compiling/gathering resources at this point–is whether I should encourage the use of SAMR, or stick with a valid, reliable tool like the LOTI and LOTI framework. Or, if we really want to get complicated, why not consider TPACK?
In the meantime, I found these questions helpful:
Substitution: What will I gain by replacing the older technology with the new technology?
Substitution for Augmentation:
- Have I added a feature to the task process that could not be done with the older technology at a fundamental level?
- How does this feature contribute to my design?
Augmentation to Modification
- How is the original task being modified?
- Does this modification depend upon the new technology?
- How does this modification contribute to my design?
Modification to Redefinition
- What is the new task?
- Will it replace or supplement older tasks?
- How is it uniquely made possible by the new technology?
- How does it contribute to my design?
You can see the incomplete (and perhaps, incorrect) examples I developed below:
The four levels of the SAMR model include the following:
1. Substitution: the iPad stands in for another technological tool without a significant change in the tool’s function. For example, the iPad allows for note-taking that could just as easily be a laptop computer.
2. Augmentation: The iPad replaces another technological tool, with significant functionality increase. For example, the iPad facilitates collaboration via various specific apps whose effect cannot be replicated on a computer.
3. Modification: The iPad enables the redesign of significant portions of a task.
4. Redefinition: The iPad allows for the creation of new tasks that would otherwise be inconceivable without the technology.
How does this all play out in collaboration with what we’re doing in schools and curriculum planning now?
Here’s an introductory video available on YouTube:
We have created a set of videos on the SAMR model of technology integration.
(S= Substitution, A= Augmentation, M=Modification and R=Redefinition)
Anyway, we posted them up on Youtube and I thought you might want to watch them on your new iPad 3…grin.
So here are the links:
SAMR Introduction: http://youtu.be/Jn1nHgFesUs
- Maggie Hos-McGrane’s blog entries about SAMR:
- Dr. Puentedura’s resources
- A Brief Introduction to TPCK and SAMR
- Podcast Series: As We May Teach: Educational Technology, From Theory to Practice
- The iPad in Elementary Education (2 slide shows)
- Part 1: A Model for Technology and Tranformation (19:50 mins duration)
- Part 2: Why Transformation is Needed (10:39 mins duration)
- Part 3: Transformation and Education (14:21 mins duration)
The slides used in this presentation can be downloaded in PDF format.
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